What is Eczema?
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a condition characterized by skin that is prone to extreme itchiness. When scratched, rubbed or irritated, the skin becomes even more itchy, dry, and scaly. For this reason, eczema is also known as "the itch that rashes." Excessive scratching or rubbing can sometimes lead to bacterial infections of the skin.
Treatments focus on controlling acute flares and preventing significant future outbreaks. Flares can be controlled with usage of either an oral or a topical steroid medication. Antibiotics may be used if there is evidence of over production of skin bacteria. The daily application of hypo-allergenic moisturizers are the mainstay of chronic therapy in order to prevent major flares.